-(Sterility of women) -A reproach Genesis 30:22, 23; 1 Samuel 1:6, 7; 2:1-11; Isaiah 4:1; Luke 1:25

-Miraculously removed, instances of .Sarai Genesis 17:15-21 .Rebecca Genesis 25:21 .Manoah\’s wife

Judges 13 .Hannah 1 Samuel 1:6-20 Elisabeth Luke 1:5-25

-Sent as a judgment Genesis 20:17, 18